Bach enriched established German styles through his mastery of counterpoint , harmonic and motivic organisation, and his adaptation of rhythms, forms, and textures from abroad, particularly from Italy and France. Bach's compositions include hundreds of cantatas , both sacred and secular . [4] He composed Latin church music , Passions , oratorios and motets . He often adopted Lutheran hymns , not only in his larger vocal works, but for instance also in his four-part chorales and his sacred songs . He wrote extensively for organ and for other keyboard instruments . He composed concertos , for instance for violin and for harpsichord , and suites , as chamber music as well as for orchestra . Many of his works employ the genres of canon and fugue .

The earliest lists of Bach's compositions are given by his biographers , starting from his obituary which gives a list of instrumental works printed during the composer's lifetime (from Clavier-Übung I to The Art of Fugue ), followed by a list which groups other types of compositions he wrote. The first separately published biography of the composer , by Johann Nikolaus Forkel , follows the same setup: its ninth chapter first lists printed works (adding four-part chorales that were published in the second half of the 18th century), followed by a rough overview of the unpublished ones. In the first half of the 19th century more works were published, so the next biographies (Schauer and Hilgenfeldt in 1850) had more elaborate appendices listing printed works, referring to these works by publisher, and the number or page number given to the works in these publications. So, for example, the Prelude and Fugue in E-flat major can be indicated as " C. F. Peters Vol. III No. 1", or any of the variants ("Griepenkerl and Roitzsch Vol. 3 p. 2", "Peters Book 242 p. 2", "P. S. V., Cah. 3 (242), No. 1", etc.)


Johann Sebastian Bach J. S. Bach - Flor Peeters - Toccata And Fugue In D Minor Prelude And Fugue In A Minor Prelude And Fugue In B Minor Four Chorale PreludesJohann Sebastian Bach J. S. Bach - Flor Peeters - Toccata And Fugue In D Minor Prelude And Fugue In A Minor Prelude And Fugue In B Minor Four Chorale PreludesJohann Sebastian Bach J. S. Bach - Flor Peeters - Toccata And Fugue In D Minor Prelude And Fugue In A Minor Prelude And Fugue In B Minor Four Chorale PreludesJohann Sebastian Bach J. S. Bach - Flor Peeters - Toccata And Fugue In D Minor Prelude And Fugue In A Minor Prelude And Fugue In B Minor Four Chorale Preludes

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